Khamis, Mei 10, 2012

Tragedi pesawat baru Sukhoi rempuh gunung di Indonesia


Dunia gempar apabila syarikat pembuat pesawat tempur Sukhoi yang kita kenali, yang baru mengeluarkan versi penumpang Superjet 100 , hancur melanggar gunung pada ketinggian Genting Highlands di Bogor, Jakarta. Ia melanggar Gunung Salak, sebuah gunung berapi setinggi 2,200 meter yang kali terakhir meletus pada 1935, pada ketinggian 1800 meter dan dikhuatiri 45 penumpang yang terdiri dari wakil syarikat Sukhoi, wakil syarikat penerbangan, wakil media dan ahli politik, terbunuh.

Pesawat tersebut dengan siri promosi keluaran terbarunya dalam strategi pemasaran dan Indonesia merupakan destinasi keempat sebelum dijadualkan ke Laos dan Vietnam. Pesawat terbarunya itu memiliki kesemua kelengkapan penerbangan moden yang ada pada Boeing dan Airbus.

Ia melanggar gunung tersebut petang semalam Rabu 9.5.2012 selepas dikatakan terbang untuk kali kedua tanpa mengisi bahan bakar dan lebih awal dari jadual asal. Misteri sebenar kejadian ini tentunya mengapa jika benar berlaku rampasan, sudah tentu juruterbang akan menghubungi pusat kawalan kecemasan yang boleh dikesan oleh Australia Singapura dan Malaysia. Bukan misteri seperti di bawah.

Misteri Kabut Gunung Salak yang Menjadi Hantu Bagi Para Penerbang

Indra Subagja - detikNews

Kamis, 10/05/2012 17:19 WIB

Jakarta Untuk kesekian kalinya, pesawat udara mengalami kecelakaan di Gunung Salak. Cerita takhyul dan mistik pun mengemuka. Ada kabut misterius yang selalu 'menjebak' pesawat yang melintas. Percayakah Anda?

"Secara logika semua mengetahui, pegunungan itu berkabut. Apalagi Gunung Salak, ini khas, mulai jam 14.00 WIB itu, kabut sudah turun. Bogor itu kan daerah hujan," jelas Kepala Pentak Lanud Atang Sendjaja, Mayor Ali Lubis, saat dikonfirmasi detikcom, Kamis (10/5/2012) pukul 16.30 WIB.

Ali meminta agar urusan mistik tidak dikait-kaitkan. Dia menjelaskan, para penerbang di Lanud Atang Sendjaja pun sudah menyadari soal kabut itu. Karenanya, kalau sudah di bawah pukul 14.00 WIB, kawasan itu mesti dihindari.

"Jadi benar-benar harus diperhatikan cuaca, benar-benar dicek. Dan kalau cuaca buruk atau berkabut jangan sekali-kali mendekati wilayah itu," imbuhnya.

Kabut memang berbahaya. Ali menambahkan, penerbangan yang dilakukan melintas di pegunungan mesti benar-benar berhati-hati. Tidak perlu berbicara urusan mistik, semua didasarkan pada logika saja.

"Jadi kalau ada yang mengait-ngaitkan dengan mistik, saya no comment saja," tuturnya.

Seperti diketahui, pesawat Sukhoi Superjet 100 melakukan joy flight di atas Gunung Salak setelah pukul 14.00 WIB, Rabu (9/5/2012) kemarin. Pada jam itu, kemungkinan besar kawasan gunung Salak sudah berkabut. Pesawat dengan jumlah 45 orang di dalamnya akhirnya menabrak gunung dan meledak.


Sumber Pusat Kajian Demokrasi dan Pilihan Raya UM Meragukan


Dengan hanya 2,282 pengundi mereka terjemahkan kononnya suara 12,000,000 pengundi di Malaysia.
Dengan perkembangan itu, pengundi atas pagar dilihat mengalami peningkatan kali ini berbanding PRU12 dan dijangkakan akan memainkan peranan penting dalam menentukan kemenangan sesebuah parti.
Kajian itu dikendalikan oleh Pusat Kajian Demokrasi dan Pilihan Raya UM antara 31 Mac dan 15 April lalu melibatkan 2,282 pengundi dari Semenanjung. Kajian tidak dikendalikan melibatkan pengundi Sabah dan Sarawak.
"Kumpulan 30 peratus ini, pada pandangan kami, yang akan menentukan siapa dan parti mana yang akan memperoleh kemenangan dalam PRU13 kelak," kata Penyelidik Pusat Kajian Demokrasi dan Pilihan Raya UM, Amer Saifude Ghazali ketika membentangkan hasil kajian pada Wacana Politik dan Persepsi Semasa Pengundi Menjelang PRU13, hari ini.
Menurut beliau, arah aliran sokongan 30 peratus pengundi atas pagar itu akan menentukan parti atau perikatan yang bakal menguasai PRU13.
"Kadar ini boleh memihak kepada BN atau PR, bergantung pada strategi yang parti-parti politik. Jika parti politik bijak menggunakan strategi, mereka boleh menawan sokongan 30 peratus pengundi ini," kata Amer Saifude.
Paras 30 peratus yang tidak pasti ini juga sama di peringkat negeri.
Misalnya, di peringkat Selangor, 34 peratus pengundi Melayu menyatakan bahawa BN menjadi keutamaan berbanding 33 peratus memilih PR dan 33 peratus lagi pula tidak pasti.
Di kalangan pengundi Cina, 16 peratus sokong BN berbanding 49 peratus memilih PR dan 20 peratus tidak pasti.
Seramai 20 peratus pengundi kalangan kaum India di Selangor memilih BN dan 60 peratus cenderung kepada PR dan 20 peratus lagi berada dalam kategori tidak pasti.
Di Perak, 36 peratus pengundi Melayu memilih BN sebagai parti pilihan mereka dan masing-masing 30 peratus condong ke arah PR dan 34 peratus tidak pasti.
Berbanding di Selangor, 67 peratus pengundi India di Perak memilih BN dan hanya lima peratus memihak kepada PR tetapi yang tidak pasti pula 28 peratus.
Di Kedah juga, senario itu tidak jauh berbeza tetapi bilangan pengundi yang tidak pasti lebih kecil iaitu 24 peratus di kalangan pengundi Melayu, Cina (12 peratus) dan India (25 peratus).
Di negeri itu juga, 33 peratus pengundi Melayu memilih BN manakala kalangan Cina dan India pula masing-masing 38 peratus dan 65 peratus. Seramai 43 peratus orang Melayu, 50 peratus Cina dan 10 peratus India memilih PR.
Bagaimanapun senario agak berbeza membabitkan Kelantan, yang dipimpin oleh Pas sejak 1990, kerana 44 peratus pengundi memilih PR berbanding 27 peratus melahirkan sokongan kepada BN. Seramai 29 peratus pengundi berada dalam kumpulan tidak pasti.
Menurut Amer, ia menunjukkan bahawa senario di Kelantan adalah agak berlainan.
Ketika ditanya mengenai signifikan bilangan pengundi tidak pasti dalam PRU13, Amer berkata, meskipun 30 peratus pengundi mengatakan tidak pasti, sebenarnya penemuan juga menunjukkan bahawa sebahagian besar sudah membuat keputusan.
"Cuma mereka tidak mahu memberitahu parti yang menjadi keutamaan mereka secara terbuka. Pendirian mereka, kami dapat kenal pasti menerusi jawapan kepada soalan-soalan lain berkaitan, ada yang menentang dasar kerajaan, misalnya," katanya lagi.
Berkenaan dengan keutamaan pilihan antara parti dan calon, 37 peratus pengundi berkata, mereka akan membuat pemilihan berdasarkan calon manakala 51 peratus lagi memilih dengan mempertimbangkan aspek parti. Seramai 12 peratus lagi tidak pasti.
Dari segi kaum, masing-masing 50 peratus pengundi Melayu, 54 peratus (Cina) dan 57 peratus (India) mengutamakan soal parti.

Media Russia Dakwa Tragedi Pesawat Penumpang Sukhoi Langgar Gunung di Jakarta Angkara Perampas


Russia’s Sukhoi SuperJet-100 goes off radars in Jakarta, hijacking not ruled out

Published: 09 May, 2012, 14:15
Edited: 10 May, 2012, 01:24
Photo Sergey Dolya / @dolyasergey
(31.0Mb)embed video

A Russian jet carrying 50 passengers has disappeared from the radars during a demonstration flight for potential buyers in the Indonesian capital. Hijacking and a high-altitude crash into a mountain have not been ruled out.Artikel ini dalam bahasa Inggeris. Rajin-rajinlah pakai google translate..
Due to low visibility and fog the helicopters had to stop the search and return to base. The rescue operation is now restricted to a ground search. The search will continue throughout the night. 
“Now we are mobilizing ground teams in coordination with the local police and military units to find the aircraft’s whereabouts,” the Indonesian Search and Rescue Agency chief, Vice Marshal Daryatmo told the Jakarta Post.
Rescuers have updated the plane's last-known coordinates and narrowed the search area. In the morning, five helicopters are expected to join the rescue operation. According to Russian diplomats, connection with the plane was lost as it passed over the western end of Java. The search mission is concentrating around Mount Salak, a 2,200-meter-high volcano about 50 km from the airport. 
Indonesia's Transport Ministry is still considering the plane as “missing,” as a crash has not been confirmed.
The latest reports suggest the mobile phones of several passengers might still be working. Blogger and traveler Sergey Dolya, who was on a previous flight on the same aircraft, tweeted that he has been trying to call his Russian friends for several hours. 
“Sometimes the calls go through, sometimes they get rejected. But no one picks up. Locals do not know how to locate [the phone’s position],” a recent tweet by Dolya says. Dolya has also tweeted that he sent a short message to each of the phones and is now waiting to receive delivery notifications.
Earlier, the director of Angkasa Aviation magazine said he was calling his two employees onboard the missing plane and nobody was answering, though a “call waiting tone" could be heard.
The plane went missing 20 minutes into its demonstration flight. The aircraft did not return to the airport at the scheduled time following takeoff.  By that time, the fuel should have been totally spent. 
Shortly before going off the radar, the crew of the aircraft had asked for permission to descend. It got permission to descend from an altitude of 10,000 feet to 6,000, after which radio contact was lost.
The Sukhoi SuperJet-100 is a modern regional jet with a passenger capacity of up to 100 people. It was designed by the Russian aerospace company Sukhoi in co-operation with Alenia Aeronautica. It is the first civil aircraft developed in post-soviet Russia. The aircraft conducted its maiden flight on May 19, 2008. In January 2011 the plane was certified by the Interstate Aviation Committee.  It was subsequently certified by the European Aviation Safety Agency in February 2012. The Sukhoi Superjet 100 flies at a Maximum Operating Speed of Mach 0.81and can reach an altitude of 40,000 feet. The operating range for the basic version is 3,048 km and 4,578 km for the long range version. Since its first commercial flight on April 2011, SuperJet has performed over 3300 flights. Currently there are eight jets operated by Armavia and Aeroflot.
There were 50 people onboard, including 8 Russians, two Italians, a French, an American, and 38 Indonesians – mostly representatives from major airline companies.
The aircraft was operated by a Russian crew: senior test-pilot Aleksandr Yablontsev and co-pilot Aleksandr Kochetkov.
RIA Novosti also released the names of six other Russian nationals. Aero navigator Oleg Shvetsov, flight engineer Aleksey Kirkin, leading test flight engineer Dennis Rakhmanov, test flight deputy head Nikolay Martyshenko, “Sukhoi” company Sales Director Evgeny Grebenshchikov, and contract manager Kristina Kurzhukova were all reportedly on board.
Indonesian authorities have called in a crisis group comprising local authorities and Russian embassy employees. Russian Prime Minister Dmitry Medvedev has ordered the Foreign Ministry, the Ministry of Industry and the airplane manufacturer to investigate the incident.

Sukhoi's Asian expo tour

The Russian aircraft arrived in Indonesia on May 9 – the fourth stop on its Asian demonstrative tour, which includes six countries in total. The plane had previously visited Myanmar, Pakistan and Kazakhstan. After Jakarta it was supposed to go to two more Asian countries – Laos and Vietnam.
The aircraft has already made one half-hour long demonstration flight in Jakarta. The first time it took to the skies, flight attendants from the Sky Aviation airliner, representatives from “VEB-Leasing” company, and others from a Russian insurance agency were on board.  
During its second flight, the aircraft took the potential buyers – representatives from Indonesia’s Batavia, Pelita, Air Aviastar, and Sriwijaya Air. 
Olga Kulikova, press-secretary for Russia’s “United Aircraft Corporation”, told RT the first flight went without a hitch and there were no signs of trouble the second time around.   
“Both flights were carried out from the same airport in Jakarta. Before the second flight, the plane underwent required maintenance and was technically in good order.”

Hardware failure, human error or hijacking?

Shortly before going off the radar, the crew of the aircraft had asked for permission to descend. They received permission to lower from an altitude of 10,000 feet to 6,000, after which radio contact was lost. There is a 6,200 foot-high mountain in the area where the plane went missing. Rescuers fear the plane may have crashed into it.
The plane's alleged trajectory is shown on a photo tweeted by blogger Sergey Dolya from the emergency operation center. The plane flew around the mountain, then sharply changed course as it began descending near a point marked with black arrows. 
Photo Sergey Dolya / @dolyasergey
Photo Sergey Dolya / @dolyasergey
That part of Jakarta has very rough terrain, former test pilot Magomed Tolboev, who used to fly there, told RT. “There is a mountain 6,158 feet high, it's very difficult,” he said. “The pilot must have seen the mountain because the plane is very modern. It is equipped with all the latest aviation equipment.”
Pilot Martin Medic agrees that properly-working ground proximity warning systems would have warned the plane’s crew in time enough to “avoid any kind of collision with terrain.”
However, Indonesian aviation authorities have not ruled out the possibility that the aircraft was hijacked. They say that in the case of a crash, an emergency beacon should have immediately gone off, which did not happen.
But Chris Yates, an aviation expert, rejects the hijacking scenario because in that case, some kind of “radar blip on the screen” would indicate where the aircraft might be.
Meanwhile, David Learmount, formerly of the aviation news website Flightglobal, believes that the fact that this particular flight was a demonstration for prospective customers could be a significant part of the equation. Quite a large number of flight accidents take place purely because the aircraft are being shown off right up to the edges of their potential, he told RT.
“It was a display flight, it was a demonstration flight,” Learmount said. “Sometimes the pilots or the crews deliberately take the aircraft right to their limits. And they do that sometimes when the aircraft is quite close to the ground. That is what a demonstration flight is often like. Sometimes they push the limits just too far. And that might have happened.”
Meanwhile, witnesses living near Salak Mountain say they heard and saw the missing aircraft flying over the Gunung Halimun Salak National Park, the park’s management told the Jakarta Post. So far the park authorities have failed to locate the plane.
Superjet-100 (RIA Novosti / Iliya Pitalev)
Superjet-100 (RIA Novosti / Iliya Pitalev)

Incident history 

Since the SuperJet-100 was accepted into service, there have been several minor incidents involving the aircraft. None of the incidents resulted in injury or death. 
  • On May 6, 2012, an SSJ-100 shortly veered off of a runway upon landing at the Airport in Kazan.
  • On March 16, 2012, a jet had to make a u-turn and return to Moscow during a flight to Astrakhan after the crew discovered the landing gear had not been fully retracted. 
  • On December 25, 2011, the flight of an SSJ-95 modification of a SuperJet from Minsk was cancelled due to a landing gear failure. The aircraft returned to Moscow without passengers.
Sukhoi SuperJet being inspected before its demo flight (Image from fotografersha.livejournal.com)
Sukhoi SuperJet being inspected before its demo flight (Image from fotografersha.livejournal.com)
Emergency operation center (Photo by Sergey Dolya / @dolyasergey)
Emergency operation center (Photo by Sergey Dolya / @dolyasergey)
Photo by Sergey Dolya / @dolyasergey
Photo by Sergey Dolya / @dolyasergey
Photo by Sergey Dolya / @dolyasergey
Photo by Sergey Dolya / @dolyasergey
Photo by Sergey Dolya / @dolyasergey
Photo by Sergey Dolya / @dolyasergey
Photo by Sergey Dolya / @dolyasergey
Photo by Sergey Dolya / @dolyasergey
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